“The essay becomes an exercise in the meaning and value of watching a writer conquer their own sense of threat to deliver themself of their wisdom.” - Vivian Gornick


The essay, not to be confused with that of the written assignments, is a strange mixture of genres such as short stories, letters, articles, papers and anecdotes. Even if the definition of the essay is quite vague 1, the purpose of the genre is quite clear; to present the author's argument. Consequently, the author will often seek to entertain, persuade, inform or educate the reader, as well as establishing his or her ethos. Well-known writers and authors have tried their hand at the genre and examples include F. Scott Fitzgerald 's What I think and Feel at 25 (1922), George Orwell 's Shooting an Elephant (1936) and Virginia Woolf 's Death of The Moth (1942).



Lasswell's Model of Communication

Most analysis models regarding articles and communication in general, revolve around the sender-receiver relationship as well as the message or intention of the text. Who says what to whom with what effect? was the original question posed 2 by Harold D. Lasswell, thus leading to Lasswell's Model of Communication being conceived.

Toulmin's Model of Argument

In 1958, the English professor and philosopher Stephen Toulmin released his book The Uses of Argument in which he proposed Toulmin's Model of Argument as a way of perceiving argumentation. Toulmin's thesis 3 was that for a good argument to succeed, it would need to provide justification for its claim.

The Rhetorical Pentagram

The rhetorical pentagram was invented by the Roman statesman Cicero, who designed the model to explain the communication between human beings. An important detail of the pentagram is the connection between each point. The points are connected to suggest correlation 15, meaning that if one of the points is changed the other points will also be affected.